Achilles Tendonitisprovided by
- "The Foot Health Network"
Achilles tendonitis causes inflammation
and degeneration of the achilles tendon. The achilles tendon is the large
tendon located in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel. The
pain caused by achilles tendonitis can develop gradually without a history of
trauma. The pain can be a shooting pain, burning pain, or even an
extremely piercing pain. Achilles tendonitis should not be left untreated
due to the danger that the tendon can become weak and ruptured.
Achilles Tendonitis is aggravated by activities that repeatedly stress the
tendon, causing inflammation. In some cases even prolonged periods of
standing can cause symptoms. It is a common problem often experienced by
athletes, particularly distance runners. Achilles Tendonitis is a
difficult injury to treat in athletes due to their high level of activity and
reluctance to stop or slow down their training.
Individuals who suffer
from achilles tendonitis often complain that their first steps out of bed in
the morning are extremely painful. Another common complaint is pain after
steps are taken after long periods of sitting. This pain often lessens
There are several
factors that can cause achilles tendonitis. The most common cause is
over-pronation. Over-pronation occurs in the walking process, when the
arch collapses upon weight bearing, adding stress on the achilles tendon.
Other factors that lead to
achilles tendonitis are improper shoe selection, inadequate stretching prior to
engaging in athletics, a short achilles tendon, direct trauma (injury) to the
tendon, and heel bone deformity.
particularly runners, should incorporate a thorough stretching program to
properly warm-up the muscles. They should decrease the distance of their
walk or run, apply ice after the activity and avoid any uphill climbs.
Athletes should use an orthotic device, heel cup, or heel cradle for extra
A heel cup or heel cradle
elevates the heel to reduce stress and pressure on the achilles tendon.
The device should be made with light-weight, shock absorbing materials.
An orthotic device can be used to control over-pronation, support the
longitudinal arch, and reduce stress on the achilles
If the problem persists, consult your foot