Steps For Building Running
Stamina by Liz McColgan - London, Tokyo and New York
Once you've become used to running and have
established some realistic targets for your training, the next technique to
learn is how to build up stamina.
Unfortunately, there are no shortcuts to
this it really is a case of getting out there and running as much as
possible. It's also not enough to just pound the streets; you need to have a
good balance in your training of solid, steady running, mixed with faster, more
These up-tempo runs consist of interval
training, which means you differ your speed within a run. You could start off
doing eight three-minute runs at a very fast pace, with one minute's brisk walk
in between each.
This minute of walking gives you a chance to
recover, but keeps your heart rate from dropping too much. This is important
because you must stay active during this recovery period.
Your slow, steady period involves running
for longer at a steadier pace. That may mean anything from 20 minutes for
novices to a three-hour run for more experienced athletes.
If you are specifically training for the
marathon, I suggest running four to five times a week to build up the stamina
you'll need. This should consist of both steady runs, three times weekly, and
up-tempo runs twice weekly.
Going to the gym to do some weight training
also builds stamina, and it's a crucial part of your training. You can't expect
to become a top-class runner without putting in a couple of sessions of weight
training each week.
Your goal should not be to bulk up like a
bodybuilder, just to tone up and become leaner and stronger. As well as leg
exercises, such as lunges and squats, it's important to work on your upper-
body strength arms, shoulders, back and abdominals.
Only when your whole body is strong can you
become a better and more efficient runner.
For most runners, weight training twice a
week is sufficient. Speak to the trainers at your gym about which machines,
exercises, weights and repetitions will best help you meet your specific goals.
They will also be able to show you proper lifting techniques, so you don't
Mental stamina is a different thing
altogether. Running is quite tough mentally, and a running partner can really
help you through the bad patches.
Everyone has their own mental ability. While
the strong-minded will cope with the boredom better, others may need more
It can sometimes be hard to get motivated,
but if you've set realistic, achievable short, medium and long-range goals,
that should help.
Remember, everyone has training plateaus,
when stamina and ability seem to level out, and your program is no longer a
challenge. When this happens it's time to intensify your training slightly, set
new goals and break through to the next level.
Liz McColgan MBE, was one of Scotland's
most successful long- distance runners. She won Olympic silver and a
Commonwealth and World Championship gold for the 10,000 metres. She has won the
London, Tokyo and New York Marathons, and now runs health clubs in Carnoustie,
Perth and Methil with her husband, Peter. They have four children.