Eight Last-minute Nutrition
Tips for Endurance AthletesBy Nancy Clark, MS, RD -
Nancy Clark's Sports Nutrition Guidebook
"I'm in a two-day rugby tournament. I need
"This weekend, I'm riding in a 100-mile bike
event. What should I eat the day before?"
"For a charity fundraiser, I'm participating
in a 24-hour aerobathon. How can I avoid hitting the wall???"
If you have looming in the near future an
endurance event century bike ride, marathon, or any other competition
that will tax your endurance you may be concerned about the best
The good news is, even if your training is
over, you can still significantly enhance your performance with winning food
Without a doubt, what you eat and drink
during the last few days and hours before exhaustive exercise makes a
difference. By eating wisely and well, you can enjoy lasting energy without
hitting the wall!
Here are eight last-minute nutrition tips
for enhancing endurance.
1. Carbo load, don't fat load.
Carbohydrate-rich foods include cereals, fruits, juices, breads, rice, plain
baked potatoes and pasta with tomato sauce. Lower carbohydrate choices include
donuts, cookies, buttery potatoes, ice cream, cheesy lasagna and pepperoni
pizza. These fat-laden foods may taste great and fill your stomach, but fat
does not get stored as muscle fuel.
2. No last-minute hard training.
By resting your muscles and doing very little exercise this pre-event week,
your muscles will have the time they need to store the carbohydrates and become
fully saturated with glycogen (carbohydrate). You can only fully carbo-load if
you stop exercising hard! You can tell if your muscles are well-carbo-loaded if
you have gained 2 to 4 pounds pre-event. Your muscles store 3 ounces of water
along with each ounce of carbohydrate. (This water will be released during the
event and be put to good use.)
3. No last-minute dieting.
can't fully carbo-load your muscles if you are dieting and restricting your
calories. You will have greater stamina and endurance if you are well-fueled,
as compared to the dieter who may be a few pounds lighter but has muscles that
are sub-optimally carbo-loaded. Remember: You are supposed to gain (water)
4. Drink extra fluids.
tell if you are drinking enough fluids by monitoring your urine. You should be
urinating frequently (every two to four hours); the urine should be
clear-colored and significant in volume. Juices are a good fluid choice because
they provide not only water and carbohydrates but also nutritional value. Save
the sports drinks for during the event.
5. Eat tried-and-true foods.
you drastically change your food choices (such as carbo-load by eating several
extra bananas), you may end up with intestinal distress. Simply eat a
comfortable portion of the tried-and-true carbohydrates you've enjoyed during
training. You need not stuff yourself! If you will be traveling to a far-away
event, plan ahead so you can maintain a familiar eating schedule despite a
crazy travel schedule.
6. Eat a moderate amount of
If you stuff yourself with lots of white bread, bagels,
crackers, pasta and other foods made with refined white flour, you may end up
constipated. Include enough fiber to promote regular bowel movements but not
too much fiber or you'll have the opposite problem! Moderate amounts of
whole-wheat bread, bran cereal, fruits and vegetables are generally good
choices. (If you are concerned about diarrhea, limit your intake of high-fiber
foods and instead consume more of the refined breads and pastas.)
7. Eat the morning of the endurance
You'll need this fuel to maintain a normal blood sugar level.
Although your muscles are well-stocked from the foods you've eaten the past few
days, your brain gets fuel only from the limited amount of sugar in your blood.
When you nervously toss and turn the night before the event, you can deplete
your blood sugar and, unless you eat carbs, you will start the event with low
blood sugar. Your performance will go downhill from there.
Plan to replace the energy lost during the
(sleepless) night with a light to moderate breakfast as tolerated. This will
help you avoid hitting the wall. Stick with tried-and-true pre-exercise foods:
cereal, bagels, toast, fruit, energy bars and/or juice. These carb-based foods
invest in fueling the brain, as well as staving off hunger. If a pre-event
breakfast will likely upset your system, eat extra food the night before. That
is, eat your breakfast at 10 p.m.
8. Consume carbs during the
During endurance exercise, you'll have greater stamina if you
consume not only water, but also some carbohydrates, such as sports drinks,
gels, bananas or dried fruit. You should target about 100 to 250 calories/hour
after the first hour to avoid hitting the wall. (For example, that's 16 to 32
ounces of sports drink/hour.)
The slower you run, the more you need to
fuel yourself during the event. Some athletes boost their energy intake by
drinking diluted juices or defizzed cola; others suck on hard candies or eat
chunks of energy bar, animal crackers and other easily chewed and digested
foods along the way. Your muscles welcome this food; it gets digested and used
for fuel during the event. And hopefully, you will have experimented during
training to learn what settles best.
Copyright: Nancy Clark, MS, RD
Nancy Clark, MS, RD, nutritionist at
SportsMedicine Associates (617-739-2003) in Brookline MA.
Nancy Clark's Sports Nutrition Guidebook